Saint Nicolas Unit Study

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The unit culminates with each group presenting a coherent cheese plate, being able to tell the tasters faculty and fellow students about the cheeses and participating in the cheese tasting by evaluating a certain number of cheeses according to appearance, aroma, taste, and texture. While all the learning and the in-class presentations are performed in French, the final public tasting will be in English to accommodate the community. During the summer a number of students study Spanish for several weeks in the program.

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We make every effort to include either homestay opportunities or other ways to connect meaningfully with local culture. Address: Jeries Qunqar St. Palestinian Youth Union was founded in , and after the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority has been formally re-registered in the Palestinian Interior Ministry, an organization of youth non-governmental, non-profit organization, brings together all categories of young people and children, away from the group.

Box , al- Doha Str.

It was established in and works to provide care for mentally and physically handicapped boys and girls, to train them for independence, and to offer them entertainment and educational activities. Its services cover the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Jemina Home for boys and Kizya Home for girls, provide daily care as well as physiotherapy. Thus the first special education school was established in Bethlehem and in the second school was established in Jericho.

Address: Al-Amayer St. Founded in as a charitable society that aims at taking care and providing a shelter for the elderly. A German Charitable non- profit organization specialized in the rehabilitation of people with physical disabilities and providing them with vocational training in order to facilitate their involvement and integration in the local community, in addition to helping the needed people with special needs with special needs to get the necessary equipments such as headphones, wheelchairs and other tools.

Founded in and is interested in the affairs of people with mental and physical disabilities, and the visually impaired people.

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Founded in , which in turn established Ash- Shurouq School in This Society aims at providing educational services and equal opportunities for the visually impaired, seeking to integrate them into the society. The society has also established a library for the production of "Braille" books, for the visually impaired.

Founded in , the society is interested in the farmers' affairs as it helps them obtain agricultural guidance, finding possible ways to preserve their lands, and submitting projects for donor institutions. In MNHN. SNP , only the apices of the cusps are abraded by wear. SNP W, the apices of cusps a1 and a2 show a shallow, distal facet. The apex of cusp b1 shows a steep, mesiolabial facet.

The apex of cusp b2 shows a shallow, distal facet. Cusp b3 shows a steep, labial facet, which slightly extends on the mesial part of cusp b4. Cusp b4 shows a shallow, distal facet. The sides of the basin show traces of wear but do not develop clear facets. SNP 61 W, the facets of apices of the cusps a1 and b2 are more extended labially and the carina of cusp a1 is flattened. SNP W by a horizontal facet on cusp b3. SNP W, the distal parts of cusps a1 and a2 each show a shallow, distal facet. The distal part of cusps b2 , b3 , and b4 shows one shallow, distal facet. The remains of cusps a1 and b2 , and cusp b1 are abraded by wear.

SNP 78 W shows a large number of well-defined facets. The apex of cusp A1 shows a steep, distolingual facet. The apex of cusp A2 shows a horizontal, mesial facet. This facet is connected with traces of wear on the mesiolingual side of the cusp which spread from the apex to the labial basin. The lingual crest of cusp A2 is slightly flattened by wear.

The lingual side of cusp A3 is truncated by a concave, steep, lingual facet. Cusp B1 shows diffuse traces of wear but no distinct wear facet. The apex of cusp B2 shows a horizontal, mesial facet. The mesiolingual and labial sides of cusp B2 show slight traces of wear. The apex of cusp B3 shows a shallow, mesio-mesiolingual facet. The apex of cusp B4 shows a steep, mesio-mesiolingual facet. Cusp B5 shows a concave, shallow, lingual facet. The apex of cusp BB1 possibly shows a horizontal facet but is partially broken. Cusp BB2 shows a steep, mesial facet. The flanks of the labial basin show traces of wear.

Theroteinus rosieriensis sp. Figures 4 — 6. Diagnosis: Theroteinus rosieriensis differs from T. SNP 2 Ma Figs. SNP W left Figs. RAS right. SNP W right Fig. RAS left. The central basin is confined mesially by the saddle which joins cusps a1 and b2 and distally by the u-ridge which joins rows a and b. The saddle is very high compared with the u-ridge, except in MNHN. SNP W where the difference is weaker. Row a includes two cusps. Cusp a1 is the largest cusp of the tooth and rises vertically in lateral view.

This cusp extends over the mesial half of the tooth, even more in MNHN. RAS 77 FW. One segment runs mesially and the other bends labially to join Cusp b1. This crest is straight in lateral view, but it is curved labially in occlusal view, except in MNHN. RAS 74 FW where it is straight in both views.

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A sulcus underlines the lingual side of this crest and descends to the base of cusp a1 , absent in MNHN. RAS 74 FW. Cusp a2 is half as cusp a1 in height, labiolingual width, and mesiodistal length, even less in RBINS. The lingual flanks of cusps a1 and a2 are aligned and deviate distolabially from the mesiodistal axis of the tooth. The occlusal outline of cusp a2 is semicircular with a convex, lingual side and nearly flat, labial side, except in MNHN. SNP W because of wear. In distal view, the slopes of the labial and lingual flanks are subequal.

The slope of the latter is more vertical than the slope of the distal crest of cusp a1.

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These crests are not preserved in MNHN. Row b includes four cusps, less distinguished from each other than the cusps of row a. This cusp is subequal in high and mesiodistal length with cusp a2 but wider and more voluminous. RAS 62 FW where it is much smaller but still larger than other cusps. Cusp b2 is labial to cusp a1 , its base extends less mesially and distally, and its apex is slightly more distal, or much more distal in MNHN.

The first crest runs labially to take part in the saddle. This part of the crown has been removed by wear in MNHN. Cusp b3 is much smaller than cusps a1 , a2 , b1 , and b2 and slightly smaller than cusp b4. Cusp b3 is distal and slightly lingual to cusp b2. This cusp is labiolingually aligned with the a1 — a2 notch. The base of cusp b3 is slightly lower than the base of cusp a2. The long axis of cusp b3 deviates slightly distolingually from the mesiodistal axis of the tooth.

Cusp b4 is mesiodistally aligned with the saddle and labiolingually aligned with the distal crest of cusp a2. The base of cusp b4 is slightly lower than the base of cusp b3. RAS 77 FW, a low crest extends row b and bends lingually to join the extremity of row a. RAS 74 FW, this crest splits into two segments. The first segment bends lingually to join the extremity of row a. The second segment bends labially and runs down the side of the crown and turns into a thin bulge which extends into the base of cusp b2. RAS is not well preserved. As a consequence, the cusps are difficult to describe.

For these reasons, this specimen has not been included in the description above. In the absence of clear morphological characters, this specimen is referred to Theroteinus rosieriensis following morphometry see Comparisons. The lingual basin is very shallow in MNHN. Row A includes three cusps. The three cusps are located at the same level on the crown.

Cusps A1 and A3 are subequal in height and width, cusps A1 is slightly longer than cusp A3. Cusp A2 is twice mesiodistally longer and higher, and much labiolingually wider than cusps A1 and A3. In occlusal view, cusps A1 and A3 show a semicircular labial flank and a relatively flat, lingual flank. The slope of the distal crest is more vertical than the slope of the mesial crest. The distal crest is the shortest, and the slopes of the three crests are subequal.

The lingual and mesial crests define a concave surface on the mesiolingual flank of cusp A2. A1 — A2 notch is less deep and takes place higher than A2 — A3 notch. Row B includes four cusps. One small cuspule takes place at the base of the mesiolingual flank of cusp B2. B2 — B3 notch is labiolingually aligned with cusp A2. SNP 2 Ma, cusp B3 is wider than long.

Cusp B3 takes place slightly lower than cusp B2. B3 — B4 notch is labiolingually aligned with the A2 — A3 notch. This cusp is smaller in all dimensions and located lower than cusp B3. SNP W, a cusp B5 was potentially present but is now removed by wear. The mesial extremity of row B shows two crests. The other crest runs lingually and closes the lingual basin at the mesial side. SNP 2 Ma. SNP W, the cusps cannot be described because of the wear.

This cusp is smaller and takes place lower than cusp BB1. Cusp BB3 is the mesialmost of the tooth. This cusp is mesiodistally aligned with cusp BB1. A crest extends row BB and runs labially to mesially close the lingual basin. Since morphometry is not applicable, this specimen is referred to Theroteinus rosieriensis following the position of cusp B2 in relation to cusps B3 and BB1.

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RAS 77 FW, all cusps are abraded by wear. The labial side of row b shows a large, concave surface of wear which extends from the distal extremity of cusp b2 to cusp b4. It is difficult to say if this concavity was present before the wear occurred or not, but it shows traces of wear, like the sides of the basin.

SNP W also shows wear on the entire surface of the tooth but several facets are present. Cusp a1 shows a steep, distolabial facet. Cusp a2 shows a steep, distal facet on its apex connected with a steep, distolingual facet on its lingual side. Cusp b1 shows a horizontal facet. Cusp b2 is partially truncated by a concave, shallow, labio-distolabial facet, which extends on cusp b4. The apex of cusp b4 shows a horizontal, distal facet. SNP 2 Ma, only the apices of the cusps are abraded by wear. SNP W, the cusps are more strongly abraded and show several facets. Cusp A1 shows a steep, distal facet.

Cusp A3 shows possibly a steep, mesial facet. Cusp B2 shows a shallow, mesiolabial facet. Other cusps of row B show one steep, mesial facet. Row BB shows one steep, mesial facet. SNP 14 FW, the wear seems more considerable. Cusp A1 shows a shallow, distal facet. Cusp A2 shows a large, horizontal, labial facet. Cusp B1 shows a horizontal distal facet. Cusp B2 shows a horizontal facet. Cusp B3 possibly shows a shallow, mesial facet but is partially broken.

Cusp BB1 shows a shallow, mesiolabial facet. In such a poorly known group such as Haramiyida, the reconstruction of the dental rows from isolated teeth is notoriously difficult.

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Although five genera with complete or partial dentitions have been discovered in the last twenty years Jenkins et al. In upper molariforms, the variations of the development of cusps A1 and B1 and of the number of elements on the distolingual side of cusp B2 can be related to the tooth position but also to individual or ontogenetic variations. In lower molariforms, three specimens show characters possibly related to tooth position.

SNP 61 W has cusp b2 more distal in comparison with cusp a1 than other specimens. The first molar of Haramiyavia shows a similar character which may be a clue for a more mesial position in the dental row Jenkins et al. SNP W has row b less high than in other specimens, cusp b2 is especially much smaller in comparison with cusp a1. This difference of height is present in premolariforms of some haramiyids such as Thomasia as well, and it may consequently be a clue for a more mesial position in the dental row.

However, MNHN. SNP 61 W and the difference of height may also be related to ontogenetic variations. SNP W shows a distally reduced row b , especially cusp b4. Since this specimen does not show characters of the two other specimens, this reduction of row b may be a clue for the last locus in the dental row.

Indeed, this locus displays often a partial reduction of the crown in other groups of mammaliaforms see e.