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But most communist states remained part of this bloc until the fall of the Soviet Union in ; afterwards, only five Communist states remained: China , North Korea , Cuba , Laos , and Vietnam.

Earth - Wikipedia

Along with " First World " and " Third World ", the term was used to divide the states of Earth into three broad categories. The concept of "Second World" was a construct of the Cold War and the term is still largely used to describe former communist countries that are between poverty and prosperity, many of which are now capitalist states. Subsequently the actual meaning of the terms "First World", "Second World" and "Third World" changed from being based on political ideology to an economic definition.

This might also cause semantic variation of the term between describing a region's political entities and its people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the western political concept. For the Maoist political concept, see Three Worlds Theory. For the online virtual world, see Second Life. For a worldwide communist society , see World communism. Andersen; Howard Francis Taylor Sociology: Understanding a Diverse Society. Economic classification of countries.

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In Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 's philosophy of history , the expression Weltgeschichte ist Weltgericht World History is a tribunal that judges the World is used to assert the view that History is what judges men, their actions and their opinions. Science is born from the desire to transform the World in relation to Man; its final end is technical application. Schopenhauer saw the human will as our one window to the world behind the representation; the Kantian thing-in-itself.

He believed, therefore, that we could gain knowledge about the thing-in-itself, something Kant said was impossible, since the rest of the relationship between representation and thing-in-itself could be understood by analogy to the relationship between human will and human body. Two definitions that were both put forward in the s, however, suggest the range of available opinion.

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Martin Heidegger , meanwhile, argued that "the surrounding world is different for each of us, and notwithstanding that we move about in a common world". His conception of " world disclosure " was most notably elaborated in his work Being and Time. In response, Sigmund Freud proposed that we do not move about in a common world, but a common thought process. He believed that all the actions of a person are motivated by one thing: lust.

This led to numerous theories about reactionary consciousness. Some philosophers, often inspired by David Lewis , argue that metaphysical concepts such as possibility, probability, and necessity are best analyzed by comparing the world to a range of possible worlds ; a view commonly known as modal realism. Mythological cosmologies often depict the world as centered on an axis mundi and delimited by a boundary such as a world ocean , a world serpent or similar. In some religions, worldliness also called carnality [10] [11] is that which relates to this world as opposed to other worlds or realms.

In Buddhism , the world means society, as distinct from the monastery. It refers to the material world, and to worldly gain such as wealth, reputation, jobs, and war. The spiritual world would be the path to enlightenment , and changes would be sought in what we could call the psychological realm. In Christianity , the term often connotes the concept of the fallen and corrupt world order of human society, in contrast to the World to Come.

The world is frequently cited alongside the flesh and the Devil as a source of temptation that Christians should flee. Monks speak of striving to be " in this world, but not of this world"—as Jesus said—and the term "worldhood" has been distinguished from "monkhood", the former being the status of merchants, princes, and others who deal with "worldly" things.

This view is clearly expressed by king Alfred the Great of England d. Consider what punishments befell us in this world when we neither loved wisdom at all ourselves, nor transmitted it to other men; we had the name alone that we were Christians, and very few had the practices. Although Hebrew and Greek words meaning "world" are used in Scripture with the normal variety of senses, many examples of its use in this particular sense can be found in the teachings of Jesus according to the Gospel of John , e.

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For contrast, a relatively newer concept is Catholic imagination. Contemptus mundi is the name given to the recognition that the world, in all its vanity, is nothing more than a futile attempt to hide from God by stifling our desire for the good and the holy. During the Second Vatican Council , there was a novel attempt to develop a positive theological view of the World, which is illustrated by the pastoral optimism of the constitutions Gaudium et spes , Lumen gentium , Unitatis redintegratio and Dignitatis humanae. In Eastern Christian monasticism or asceticism , the world of mankind is driven by passions.

Therefore, the passions of the World are simply called "the world". Each of these passions are a link to the world of mankind or order of human society. Each of these passions must be overcome in order for a person to receive salvation theosis. The process of theosis is a personal relationship with God.

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This understanding is taught within the works of ascetics like Evagrius Ponticus , and the most seminal ascetic works read most widely by Eastern Christians, the Philokalia and the Ladder of Divine Ascent the works of Evagrius and John Climacus are also contained within the Philokalia. At the highest level of world transcendence is hesychasm which culminates into the Vision of God. Orbis Catholicus is a Latin phrase meaning Catholic world , per the expression Urbi et Orbi , and refers to that area of Christendom under papal supremacy.

It is somewhat similar to the phrases secular world, Jewish world and Islamic world.

Second World

Dunya derives from the root word "dana" that means to bring near. In that sense, "dunya" is "what is brought near". Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma , or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent. It includes a number of Indian religious traditions with a loose sense of interconnection, as different from Jainism and Buddhism, and since medieval and modern times Islam and Christianity.

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Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Earth and all life upon it, including human civilization. This article is about planet Earth and all life upon it, including human civilization. For other uses, see Earth or World disambiguation. Main article: Dunya.